Rape Is Not about Sex, It is about Control.

 

Rape trauma syndrome (RTS) is the psychological trauma experienced by a rape victim that includes disruptions to normal physical, emotional, cognitive, and interpersonal behavior.

The theory was first described by psychiatrist ANN W Burgess and sociologist Lynda Lytle Holmstrom in 1974. 

RTS is a cluster of psychological and physical signs, symptoms and reactions common to most rape victims immediately following and for months or years after a rape. While most research into RTS has focused on female victims, sexually abused males (whether by male or female perpetrators) also exhibit RTS symptoms. 

RTS paved the way for consideration of (PTSD) post-traumatic stress disorder, which can more accurately describe the consequences of serious, protracted trauma than PTSD alone.

 The symptoms of RTS and post-traumatic stress syndrome overlap. As might be expected, a person who has been raped will generally experience high levels of distress immediately afterward. These feelings may subside over time for some people; however, individually each syndrome can have long devastating effects on rape victims and some victims will continue to experience some form of psychological distress for months or years. It has also been found that rape survivors are at high risk for developing substance use disorders, major depression, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders. 

RTS identifies three stages of trauma a rape survivor goes through: the acute stage, the outer adjustment stage, and the renormalization stage.

 

Acute stageThe acute stage occurs in the days or weeks after a rape. Durations vary as to the amount of time the victim may remain in the acute stage. The immediate symptoms may last a few days to a few weeks and may overlap with the outward adjustment stage.

 Behavior present in the acute stage can include:

·         Diminished alertness.

·         Numbness. Severe Anxiety.

·         Dulled sensory, affective and memory functions.

·         Disorganized thought content.

·         Vomiting

·         Nausea.

·         Pronounced internal tremor.

·         Obsession to wash or clean themselves.

·          Confusion and crying.

·         Bewilderment.

 The outward adjustment stage

Survivors in this stage seem to have resumed their normal lifestyle. However, they simultaneously suffer profound internal turmoil, which may manifest in a variety of ways as the survivor copes with the long-term trauma of a rape.

The outward adjustment stage may last from several months to many years after a rape.

RAINN identifies five main coping strategies during the outward adjustment phase:

·         Pretending ‘everything is fine’-Minimization.

·         Cannot stop talking about the assault-Dramatization.

·         Refuses to discuss the rape-Suppression

·         Analyzes what happened-Explanation

·         Moves to a new home or city, alters appearance-Flight.

Lifestyle-

Survivors in this stage can have their lifestyle affected in some of the following ways:

·         Their sense of personal security or safety is damaged.

·         They feel hesitant to enter new relationships.

·         Sexual relationships become disturbed.] Many survivors have reported that they were unable to re-establish normal sexual relations and often shied away from sexual contact for some time after the rape. Some report inhibited sexual response and flashbacks to the rape during intercourse.

·         Conversely, some rape survivors become hypersexual or promiscuous following sexual attacks, sometimes as a way to reassert a measure of control over their sexual relations.

 

Reorganization stage-

·         May return to emotional turmoil

·         The return of emotional pain can extremely frighten people in this stage.

·         Fears and phobias may develop. They may be related specifically to the assailant or the circumstances or the attack or they may be much more generalized.

·         Appetite disturbances such as Nausea and vomiting. Rape survivors are also prone to developing eating disorders.

·         Nightmares, night terrors feel like they plague the victim.

·         Violent fantasies of revenge may also arise.

The renormalization stage

In this stage, the survivor begins to recognize his or her adjustment phase.

During renormalization, survivors integrate the sexual assault into their lives so that the rape is no longer the central focus of their lives; negative feelings such as Guilt and shame become resolved, and survivors no longer blame themselves for the attack.

 

After reading the article, you know about pain , the rape  victim has to undergo.

Just demand Death sentence for rapist .

if you  have any question ,let me know .

 

 

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